Opening speech at “History
and language of the Tigre-speaking peoples.
Proceedings of the International Workshop, Naples, February 7 – 8, 2008 «Studi
Africanistici. Serie Etiopica» 8, Napoli: Università di Napoli “L'Orientale”,
edited by Prof. Gianfrancesco Lusini كلمة افتتاحية في "تاريخ ولغة الشعوب الناطقة بالتقرى. وقائع ورشة العمل الدولية، نابولي، 7 - 8 فبراير 2008 ---------------- Thanks to Prof. Gianfrancesco Lusini for sharing
A paper presented at the “History and language of the Tigre-speaking peoples. Proceedings of the International Workshop, Naples, February 7 – 8, 2008 «Studi Africanistici. Serie Etiopica» 8, Napoli: Università di Napoli “L'Orientale”, edited by Prof. Gianfrancesco Lusini
ورقة بحثية قدمت في "تاريخ ولغة الشعوب الناطقة بالتقرى. وقائع ورشة العمل الدولية، نابولي، 7 - 8 فبراير 2008
---------------------------- Thanks to Prof. Gianfrancesco Lusini for sharing
Eritrea 22 years ago, when the country was administratively divided into six regions,
That date, the following were appointed as Administrators of the Regions, Ibrahim Toteel (N. Red Sea), Alamin Sheikh Saleh (Anseba), Mustafa Nur Hussein (Gash-Barca), Mesfin Hagos (Southern Region). That period Dr. Tesfay Germatzion was a Minister of Agriculture, and Adhanom Geberemariam was the Administrator of Seraye (Before the designation of the new regions).
Since 1991, The actors of the play keep changing, but so far, the master is one. Three of the Region Administrators then are in Prison, Mesfin Hagos is in the diaspora
A 1984 publication by Marxist-Leninist
(ML) Core in the TPLF
Ethiopia: The civilization of Axum which thrived in what is
now Tigray and some outlying areas was one of the most slave societies of the
time and the fall of Axum around 10th
century AD was also the fall of slavery as a social system; Yohannes IV was
regarded as a feudal lord; Ethiopia emerged as a full-fledged empire at the end
of the 19th century.
& its relations with other Ethiopian forces: The TPLF had the
ML since its inception and it passed a resolution in the TPLF First Congress in
1979, to make it legal for the vanguard elements and communist cadres (both in
the army and mass organizations) to organize openly at a higher level and make
necessary preparations for that. It stated that the Proletariat is the leader
of the revolution and that the peasants were its core. At the beginning of 1980
the writings of Enver Hoxha’s , the Chair of the Albanian Communist party that
was anti-Maoist and anti-Soviet Socialism, found its way to the TPLF and the ML
since adopted his line; the ML was against the Tigray Liberation Front (TLF),
which it accused as narrow Tigrinyan nationalist, it was also against the EPRP
(Ethiopian Peoples’ Revolutionary Party), All Ethiopia Socialist Movement
(Meison), and Ethiopian Democratic Union (EDU). It rooted them out of Tigray
one after the other and became the sole power in there.
the Eritrean Peoples’ struggle: It considered it a colonial
question and just, but it stated that there is a need for a genuine proletarian
leadership, if the Eritrean people struggle was to result not only in national
liberation, but in social emancipation, as well.
It also supported the Palestinian struggle
against Zionism and Imperialism
The opinion of the Institute for the study of Ethiopian Nationalities on the Jeberti 1987
When the Jeberti, in Eritrea requested that they be recognized as a separate nationality, The ruling party then, The Workers Party of Ethiopia (WPE) , did not arrest them or kill them, but sent a team of experts from the Institute for the study of Ethiopian Nationalities to study their case. This is the opinion of the team: The opinion was translated from Amharic to English by Berhane Mekonen, a senior lecturer, Mekelle University
Thanks to Prof. Kjetil Tronvoll for sharing the document
In a separate case, when the Assaworta in Eritrea requested they be recognized in 1986, a separate nationality, the Institute sent a team to study their case. The members of the team were: Yusuf Yassin, Dr. Yayehyirad Kitaw, Dr. Asmelash Beyene and Abiye Fitawork, In both cases, the opinion of the teams was not in favour of the requests.
Human Rights issues in Eritrea in 1955 as raised in an article in the Modern Law Review, Issue 5, pp. 484 -486
The idea of a citizen having any rights against the authorities being an startling innovation, in Eritrea resort to the Supreme Court in defence of a constitutional right has been rare, but five cases has arisen in the first two and a half years of self governance, that article discusses those cases....